Building Trust: Settler rabbi, Palestinian, talk Roots at Temple

Rabbi David Ariel-Joel of The Temple (left) calls for questions for Shadi Abu Awwad and Rabbi Hanan Schlesinger, spokesmen for Roots, a grassroots effort on the West Bank (Judea-Samaria) dedicated to building trust between Arabs and Jews and laying the groundwork for an eventual political settlement. Awwad and Schlesinger visited Louisville Nov 10-11, speaking about their experiences, at The Temple, St. Francis School downtown and the Muhammad Ali Center.
(Community photos by Jessica Budnick)

Rabbi Hanan Schlesinger, a West Bank settler, lives less than a mile from his Palestinian neighbors, but they might as well be a world apart.
Despite the close proximity, their two communities share virtually nothing.
They drive cars with different license plates (blue for Israel, green for Palestine).
They have different garbage collectors.
Different schools.
Different holidays.
Different media.
They even live in different time zones. They switch to and from daylight savings time on their own schedules, meaning Jews and Arabs could be on the same street and have different times on their watches.
“We’re so close together, but so far apart,” Schlesinger said. “There’s no connection, and that means there’s going to be bigotry; there’s going to be stereotypes; there’s going to be racism, and there’s going to be hate.”
He said there’s “no piece of earth” that is common to both sides. “Every piece is either theirs or ours. There’s no place to meet.”
Yet for two hours on Sunday, Nov. 10, at The Temple, Schlesinger, an Orthodox rabbi from Gush Etzion, and Shadi Abu Awwad, a 27-year-old Palestinian educator from Beit Ummar, both on the West Bank, did meet, sharing a pulpit as they described how they are trying to bring Jews and Arabs together on “one piece of earth” to share their stories, build trust and lay the foundation for an eventual peace.
Schlesinger and Awwad are members of Roots, a grassroots organization (no pun intended) consisting of West Bank settlers and Palestinians who have agreed to come together and seek the common ground they can’t find in their daily lives.
The Temple, Temple Shalom, the Jewish Community Relations Council, Interfaith Paths to Peace and the Middletown Christian Church sponsored their visit, which included programs at St. Francis School downtown and the Muhammad Ali Center.
Founded in 2014, Roots uses workshops, summer camps and youth programs to promote its message. It also engages media and leaders – activists, city officials, soldiers.
Speaking before a crowd of 200 or more in The Temple chapel, the word “roots” in English, Hebrew and Arabic projected on a screen behind them, Schlesinger and Awwad described how Roots participants meet regularly on land provided by Awwad’s family. They’re nervous at first, even fearful. Yet they manage to strike up conversations with people who had previously been their enemies.
And they learn hard truths.
“There’s violence in the West Bank,” said Schlesinger, an ardent Zionist. “The thing is that Israelis – my people – we only know the violence that they (the Palestinians) do to us. We don’t know the violence that we Israelis do to them; it’s not in the newspapers. And the Palestinians, they know the violence Israelis do to them, but they have very little knowledge of the violence that their people, the Palestinians, do to us Israelis.
“Each side is certain that the other side is bad, and we’re good. Their side is violent and aggressive – they’re terrorists – our side is peace-loving,” continued Schlesinger, a New York-born co-founder of Roots. He said Roots seeks to “humanize the enemy – at least a little bit.”
Awwad described how a simple act of driving a car can be a life-or-death experience for a Palestinian.
He recalled coming through an Israeli army checkpoint. As the soldiers waved him through, and he started pulling forward, an Israeli woman crossed the road in front of him.
Immediately, Awwad slammed on his brakes to avoid hitting her, which triggered an Israeli soldier to train his weapon on him, thinking he might be a terrorist poised to attack.
It was a Catch-22 situation, Awwad said. Either hit the brakes or risk hitting the woman. Either way, he could have been shot.
The status quo, or “normalization” as he called it, is not the way to a lasting peace.
“Respect and dignity is one of the most important things for us,” Awwad said. “You have to stick to your identity and your rights, and all of that, which is against normalization. We just believe you cannot give up part of your identity and call for peace from a point of weakness.”
Neither should Palestinians resort to violence, he added. “I am a human being before being a Palestinian.”
Schlesinger and Awwad are touring America, visiting synagogues and churches to talk up Roots’ mission. Not so many mosques, Schlesinger lamented (only one on this trip). “We have real difficulties speaking in mosques. There’s sociological reasons; there’s economic reasons; there’s political reasons.”
They also speak at universities, where Awwad is “shocked and mad” about the degree to which students are “moving the conflict to the campuses,” fighting instead of talking.
“We should also have Roots here for the students so they can really talk to each other,” Awwad said to a round of applause.

Want to help?
Roots has a mailing list of about 3,000 supporters. To support them, visit See the column on page 6 for more details.

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